This department has 106,000 items representing the art and culture of Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome, and Italy, and ancient settlements on the Northern Black Sea coast. The earliest pieces date back to 2000 BC, the latest - to the 4th century AD. The large collection of Greek and Italian painted vases (15,000 pieces) and Etruscan art are famous far outside Russia.
The beautiful collection of antique gems (engraved stones ) consists of 10,000 items.
Almost every kind of Roman sculpture is on display in the museum: cult statues, reliefs, land decorative and portrait sculptures. The 120 Roman sculptural portraits and the collection of the Tanagra figurines (terracottas, Greece, 4th-3rd century BC) are worthy of particular note. An important place is occupied by objects from the excavations of Greek colonies and necropolises on the Northren Black Sea coast.
The collections of Greek gold, Greek fabrics of the 5th-4th centuries BC, and the large selection of ancient wooden sarcophagi and other wooden items complete this super picture of ancient art, displayed on the ground floor of the New Hermitage.
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