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Eastern Altai, Pazyryk Burial Mound 5

5th-4th centuries BC

Wood, leather

H 300 cm, diam of wheels 150 cm

This large four-wheel chariot is one of the striking finds of the Pazyryk burial mounds. It consists of a number of parts joined together by leather straps and wooden nails. The trunk is made of two frames joined by means of short carved poles and leather straps. The frames constitute the basis for the canopy. Each of the four large wheels has 34 spokes. The axles do not have a rotary device, and the distance between the back and front wheels is only 5 cm, which meant that the chariot could only be used on flat ground. It could, however, be easily disassembled and transported on horses.

Thanks to the permafrost, the chariot is in an excellent state of preservation.


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