The collection of Western European furniture consists
of some 1,000 objects made in Italy, France, Germany,
the Netherlands and England.
The earliest examples are German and French dressers
of the 15th to early 16th centuries decorated with
Gothic carving, and chests and episcopal thrones,
while the Italian Renaissance produced excellent carved
16th-century chests known as cassone.
French furniture of the first half of the 16th century is
illustrated by a number of items in a transitional style -
a dresser and episcopal chair decorated with carving
which combines medieval linenfold design with
grotesques typical of Renaissance furniture.
French 17th-century furniture, its forms and decoration
combining the majestic opulence of the Baroque style
with the austere nobility of French Classicism, is best
represented by prominent cabinet-maker A.-C.Boulle,
who produced a large armoire in the style which was to
bear his name.
A superb gilt wooden table with fine austere carving
and a sofa upholstered with embroidery date from the
late 17th to early 18th centuries and illustrate the
transition from the Baroque to the Rococo.
The magnificent cabinets commissioned from David
Roentgen by Catherine the Great in the late 18th
century, are just a few of the wide selection of his
outstanding furniture now to be found in the
Whole suites of 19th-century furniture, much of it
designed specially for the Winter Palace and St
Petersburg mansions, have been preserved intact and
are displayed around the Hermitage.
Second half of the 16th century
Second half of the 15th century
Attributed to Nicolas Foliot