Alberto Giacometti. Sculpture. Painting. Drawing
Alberto Giacometti (1901-1966) is one of the legendary artists of the XX century.
His works are easily recognisable; his name
Giacometti tried himself in all contemporary spheres of art. Dissatisfied
with the absence of results in figurative art, the artist turns towards
cubism combining it with the plastic of the African sculpture. This gives
birth to such sculptures as ”The Couple” and “Spoon Woman”. The prototype
for the latter was a grain bucket that was spotted by the artist at an exhibition
of African art. Later Giacometti turns to surrealism. He creates
a series of significant works which he called "sculptures trapped
in the cage". “Invisible object” and Cube” (1934) became the last
surrealistic sculptures by Giacometti. After that he began
The author of Giacometti’s biography Jacques Dupin wrote: “His sculptures
are paintings placed in a
Giacometti creates a series of works in the irrational style, his ultimate
work being “The Chariot”. These works are presented in December 1950 at the
exhibition in the gallery of Pierre Matisse
Working with a model for one of his paintings prompts Giacometti to overcome his style characterised by extremely prolonged figures. In the busts, the model for which was Giacometti’s brother Diego, as well as in the sketches of his naked wife Anette, the sculptor develops his own methods of realism.
In the mature age the artist returns to painting using its possibilities of expressing dimensional depth of the canvas. A special place in the creative activity of Giacometti is given to portraits. The artist’s favourite model there, just like in the sculpture, was Diego, a talented furniture and interior designer. Without changing the posture and the aspect angle of the model, the artist experimented with the size of the canvas, drawing the image nearer and further, searching for the correlation of forms.
In the course of his life Giacometti paid a persistent interest towards
household items, people surrounding him and the phenomena of nature that
provoked him to constant experimenting in various materials and genres
The contemporaries saw the reflection of the philosophic trends in the
works of Giacometti and analysed the influence that various avant guard
art exerted upon the development of his style. A surrealist theorist Andre
Breton considered the works of the artists a perfect illustration of the surrealist
aesthetics. The French philosopher and drama writer
The supervisors of the exhibition are Elena Karcheva, senior research
associate, and Maria Shlikevich, junior research associate of the Department
of West European Art of the State Hermitage.