Russian Painted Lacquers of the Eighteenth to
13 May, 2011 the Arab Hall of the Winter Palace held the opening of Exhibition Russian Painted Lacquers of the Eighteenth to Twentieth Centuries, displaying over two hundreds of items from the unique collection of painted lacquers of the State Hermitage. It presents different articles: from furniture to ornamentals, made by masters of St Petersburg, Moscow, Warsaw, Nizhny Tagil as well as Zhostov, Fedoskin, Palekh, Mstyera and Kholuy.
In the 18th century lacquers were imported to Muskovy from China: under
the influence of fashion for Far Eastern rarities Russian master made
decorative painting of articles and interiors with "hinnsky painting",
i.e. in Oriental style. The earliest article at the exhibition is the
In St Petersburg in the 18th century Ivan Tikhanov, Perfiliy Fyedorov, Fyedor Vlasov were famous for the art of lacquer painting. A remarkable trace in the lacquer business was also left by Ya.Ye. Labutin who in the mid of the next century improved the technique of lacquer painting on metal: trays made by him were distinguished with a special purity of finishing and magnificent flowery painting.
Another center for painted lacquers production since the end of the 18th
century became Moscow and its suburbs. In village Danilkovo (now Fedoskino)
merchant P.I. Korobov established the first factory for production of
lacquer snuffboxes from
The exhibition also presents articles of another factory, owned by the
Vishnyakovs' family, located near Moscow from village Zhostovo: caskets
and trays, made from
A great contribution to the development of painted lacquers art was made by Urals’ workshops, appeared with the metallurgic centers. The most famous one was Nizhniy Tagil where tin trays with decorative narrative and flowery painting were manufactured. Special attention should be paid to rarities of the Ural factory of A.F. Turchaninov: copper and iron dishware with decorative ornaments and enamel painting which became a part of everyday life of Russian aristocracy of the mid 18th century.
In the 1920s-1930s masters from old icon painting villages Palekh, Mstera,
Kholuy turned to production of lacquer items. Palekh miniature is distinguished
with genre subjects, elegant painting and