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This section represents the history of the Hermitage Museum that was started in the 18th century as a private collection of Empress Catherine II and in the 20th century became one of the largest museums in the world. Click the date on the chronological scale and you will quickly get access to the information about the event you are interested in.

1754-1762 Construction of the Winter Palace commissioned by Empress Elizabeth Petrovna. Architect Bartolomeo Rastrelli (1700-1771)
1762 Empress Catherine II's accession to the Throne
1764 Empress Catherine II purchases Johann Ernest Gotzkowski's collection, the first collection of the Museum
1764-1775 Construction of the Small Hermitage
1769 Purchase of Count Heinrich von Bruhl's collection
1771-1787 Construction of the Great Hermitage
1772 Purchase of Baron Pierre Crozat's collection
1779 Purchase of the Walpole collection
1781 Purchase of Count Baudouin's collection
1783 Construction of the Hermitage Theatre
1787 Purchase of the John Lyde-Brown collection, London
1795 Creation of the St George Hall
1815 Purchase of Empress Josephine's collection
1825 Emperor Nicholas I's accession to the throne
1826 Creation of the Military Gallery of 1812 by Carlo Rossi
1830-1840 Finishing of the interiors designed by Alexander Bryulov
1833 Creation of the Fieldmarshals' Hall and Peter I's Room (Small Throne Room) by architect Auguste Montferrand
1837 Fire in the Winter Palace
1840 Reconstruction of the state halls of the Winter Palace by Vasily Stasov following the fire of 1837
1850 Purchase of the Cristoforo Barbarigo collection
1852 Opening of the Imperial Museum of the New Hermitage
1858 Construction of the Pavilion Hall by architect Andrei Stakenschneider
1860 Creation of state rooms in the Large Hermitage by architect Andrei Stakenschneider
1861 Purchase of the Marquis Gian Pietro Campana collection
1865 Purchase of Leonardo da Vinci's Madonna and Child (Litta Madonna)
1870 Purchase of Raphael’s Madonna and Child (Conestabile Madonna)
1884 Purchase of the Alexander Basilewski collection
1885 Transfer to the Hermitage of the Imperial Tsarskoye Selo Arsenal collection
1895 Emperor Nicholas II's accession to the throne
1914 Purchase of Leonardo da Vinci’s Madonna with a Flower (Benois Madonna)
1914 Start of World War I. A hospital is opened in state rooms of the Winter Palace.
1917 The February Revolution and Emperor Nicholas II's abdication
1917 The October Revolution removes the Provisional Government
1917 The Winter Palace and the Hermitage are declared state museums
1920 The Hermitage transfers 460 items to the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow
1920-1930 Acquisition of items from nationalized private collections
1932-1934 Sale of Hermitage collections and transfer of works of art to museums of the Union Republics of the USSR
1941 Start of World War II and evacuation of the Hermitage collections to the Urals
1945 Re-opening of the Museum after the conclusion of World War II
1948 Acquisition of a collection of late 19th – early 20th century European paintings from the former collections of Sergei Shchukin and Ivan Morozov
1964 The 200th anniversary of the Hermitage
1967 First donation by L.N. Delektorskaya of works by Matisse
1981 Opening of a museum in the Menshikov Palace, a new branch of the State Hermitage
1992 Opening of the display "The Winter Palace of Peter I" in the building of the Hermitage Theatre
1995 The exhibition "Hidden Treasures Revealed"
1996 By decree of Russian President Boris Yeltsin, the State Hermitage is placed under the direct patronage of the President of the Russian Federation
1996 The official announcement of the creation of the international Hermitage Friends Club
1997 The return of Rembrandt’s Danae to public viewing following restoration work
1997 A small planet in the solar system, ¹4758, is given the name Hermitage
1997 The beginning of the Hermitage - IBM Project
1999 The transfer of the national flag of the Russian Federation and of the standard of the RF President to the State Hermitage
1999 The opening of exhibitions in a new museum building : the Eastern Wing of the General Staff building
1999 The presentation of the “Great Hermitage” programme
2000 The opening of the Hermitage Rooms in Somerset House (London)
2001 The "Russian Ark" project of the State Hermitage and Alexander Sokurov
2001 The opening of the Hermitage-Guggenheim exhibition centre in Las Vegas, USA
2002 The transfer of Kasimir Malevich’s painting Black Square to the State Hermitage
2003 The creation of the State Hermitage's Board of Trustees
2003 The opening of the Great Courtyard of the Winter Palace and the new entrance to the State Hermitage from Palace Square
2003 The opening of the Great Courtyard of the Winter Palace and the new entrance to the State Hermitage from Palace Square
2003 The inauguration of the Museum of the Guards in the General Staff building
2004 The opening of the Hermitage-Amsterdam exhibition complex in the Netherlands
2005 The îpening of the Hermitage-Kazan Exhibition Centre
2006 The Year of Rembrandt in the State Hermitage
2007 The Opening of the Hermitage-Italy Centre in Ferrara
2008 The Beginning of a Project Entitled The Restoration of the Eastern Wing of the General Staff Building
2009 The opening of the Hermitage-Amsterdam Centre in the Amstelhof Building, Amsterdam
2009 The transfer of the Alexander Column Monument to the Operational Management of the State Hermitage Museum
2009 The Acquisition of a Collection of 19th Century Graphic Art and 18th Century Porcelain from the Galerie Popoff
2010 The Opening of the Hermitage-Vyborg Exhibition Centre in Vyborg
2010 Completion of first phase restoration of the eastern wing of the General Staff Building
2011 100 years of the Hermitage Garage
2011 Prado exhibition at the Hermitage
2011 Mikhail Lomonosov and the time of Elizabeth I exhibition
2011 February, 25, 2011 Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed a Decree "On Celebration of the 250thanniversary of the State Hermitage Museum foundation"
2011 Antony Gormley. Still standing. Antique and contemporary sculpture
2011 The Organizing Committee on preparation and holding of the celebration of the 250th anniversary of the State Hermitage Museum foundation is set up
2011 Presentation after restoration of the painting by Cima da Conegliano. Annunciation
2011 Liberation of "Fugitive slave". Restoration of sculpture group by V.A. Beklemishev
2011 300 years from the date of founding of the Menshikov Palace and 30 years creation of exposition in it "Culture of Russia of the first third of the 18th century"
2011 Exhibition of Herculaneum Antiquities is the first exhibition in the new museum complex of the Hermitage in the General Staff Building
2011 A new permanent exhibition of the "Museum of the Imperial Porcelain Factory" Department "Porcelain of the Soviet and New Period"
2012 Presentation after restoration of the painting by Titian "The Flight into Egypt"
2012 Acquisition of George Machere and Nadya Volkonskaya's collection
2012 Exhibition: "Santiago Calatrava. In Search of Motion"
2012 Draft program "The Hermitage 20/21" in year 2012
2012 Celebration of the 200th anniversary of the victory in the Patriotic War of 1812


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