Panticapaeum, Bosporan kingdom
One side of this stater -- a 4th-century B.C. gold coin from the Bosporan kingdom -- bears the head of a long-haired, beared satyr, an embodiment of the elemental productive forces of the earth that belonged to the following of the god Dionysus. On the other side there is a griffin with a spear in its jaws and, below it, a sheaf and the Greek letters equivalent to PAN.
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