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This fine interior, designed by Leo von Klenze as part of
the Imperial Picture Gallery, is devoted to the history of ancient
painting based on descriptions by writers of Classical Antiquity.
The eighty panels were painted in encaustic on copper plates by
the German artist Georg Hiltensperger. He used subjects from ancient
mythology and ancient written sources. The vaults are adorned with
bas-relief portraits of celebrated European artists including Leo
von Klenze. The room contains a large collection of sculptures by
Antonio Canova, the leading figure of the Classical School in Italy,
and his followers. Another notable feature of the room are malachite
vases produced by Russian craftsmen.