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Palace Square was designed by Carlo Rossi, an outstanding architect
of Russian Classicism, in 1819. The magnificent General Staff building,
which was constructed in 1820-27 to the design of Carlo
Rossi opposite the Winter Palace, the creation of Francesco Bartolomeo
Rastrelli (1754-62), completed the ensemble of the
square. The two wings of the General Staff are linked by the Triumphal
Arch which is crowned with the Chariot of Glory. The Alexander Column,
designed by Auguste Montferrand, was erected in 1834 in the centre
of the square to commemorate Russia's victory in the War of 1812
against Napoleon. The ensemble of Palace Square combines two contrasting
architectural styles, Baroque and Classicism.