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|| This part of the Winter Palace was living quarters for
courtiers. The works assembled in the rooms were created in the period
of the Directory (1795-99) and First Empire (1804-14), when Neo-Classicism
was the prevailing tendency in French art. Guillaume Lethiere painted
his Death of Cato of Utica on a subject from Plutarch. The
portrait of Josephine is by François Gérard, the court
painter of Napoleon I, while the portrait of Count Bezborodko is by
Robert Lefèvre. Napoleon on the Bridge at Arcole is
Antoine Gros's own replica of his 1797 painting that is at Versailles.
The room also contains sculptures by Joseph Chinard and Guichard.