245th Anniversary of the State Hermitage
9 December 2009, there was an official opening of a new
permanent exhibition of the Antiquity Department Art and Culture
of Antique Towns of the Northern Black Sea Coast in the halls
of Bospor. Museum visitors were able
The halls of Bospor were decorated in the Pompeian style in the middle
of the 19th century to the design of an architect
Leo von Klenze, creator of the New Hermitage. The hallsí
reconstruction works began in 2007. At the first stage
the project was developed, and restoration of the interiors
with full reconstruction of historical wall decorations was conducted.
In the 20th century the hall was repainted twice.
In 1930s the unusual cheerful decoration - striped wall
painting in the style of fresco paintings of Pompeii -
was substituted by morose greyish-green colour. In 1970s the hall
was again repainted, and this time it was painted in bright
red. In 2007 the reconstruction of historical decoration
was conducted basing on watercolours, drawings, design drafts
The exhibition Art and Culture of Antique Towns of the Northern
Black Sea Coast tells about the history of the celebrated
collection of archeological monuments, and at the same
time it gives an idea of the modern view of art
and culture of Greek
The first section opening the exhibition is called Antiquity.
Beginning of Colonisation and is dedicated to the settlement
of Greeks on the Black Sea coasts. Two large
The second theme group is supposed to introduce visitors to the life of a Greek city of the Northern Black Sea coast during Classical and Hellenistic times. This is achieved through displaying of both the outstanding examples of Greek art brought from the main centres of Antiquity and articles which were made locally. The exhibition includes footings of statues with dedicatory inscriptions, stone herms, figured vessels, moulds for producing terracottas and coins, rings and household articles.
The main part of the exhibition is called Burial Mounds of Bospor
and is dedicated to the
Chronologically the last section tells about Roman times when barbarian
influence on the Bosporan Kingdom and other regions of the Northern Black
Sea Coast was especially strong. Glass and ceramic vessels, wooden and painted
sarcophagi, fragments of ceramic and metal statuettes are represented
here. A separate
Quarter of the exhibition is assigned for displaying characteristic features of decoration of ancient home in Archaic, Classic and Hellenistic times. For the first time the exhibition fully displays the fresco with a depiction of a ship from the city of Nymphaeum with many carved inscriptions and paintings as well as frescoes and architectural details from excavation sites in Chersonesos, Olbia and Panticapaeum.
The new exhibition is a full-scale and unique collection of antiquities of the 7th B.C. - 3rd A.D. which were acquired as a result of many years archeological research works on the territory of the Northern Black Sea coast. This outstanding collection that has no analogues in other museums of the world occupies a key position in the structure of collections of the Antiquity Department. Monuments of antique art of the Northern Black Sea coast not only fully represent historical panorama of art and culture of a big region of antique world, but also personify the best achievements of Russian archeological science during its two hundred year history.
Exhibition reconstruction works were conducted with the help of the Restoring Ancient Stabiae Foundation (Italy).
The restoration of the hall, design of the lighting system, project development and exhibition equipment production were conducted by the Likeon - Museum Concepts and Projects Ltd. under control of the Department of the History and Restoration of the Architectural Objects of the State Hermitage. The project implementation period is January, 2007 - December, 2009.
The Project Partner of the Hermitage Days is LLC BDO Unicon.