Porcelain and Rose
On 21 December 2010, within the framework of traditional cycle Christmas Present, an exhibition Porcelain and Rose featuring works from the collection of the State Hermitage and the collection of Imperial Porcelain Factory, OJSC was opened in the Arab Hall of the Winter Palace.
The exposition is devoted to depiction of one of the most romantic flowers in works of masters of the renowned factory from mid 18th century to present days and demonstrated various techniques and styles in the interpretation of the favorite flower of many artists.
At Imperial Porcelain Factory roses become a favourite decorative elements starting from the earliest items made for Elizaveta Petrovna. Wreaths of stucco roses adorn the first Own service; roses "bloom" in paintings of the gilded tea service which were made in Vinogradov’s period (named after the porcelain pioneer in Russia D. Vinogradov).
Under Catherine II roses are an integral part in the decoration of daily services (service with roses, service with purple roses); of porcelain imitating fabrics – heavy silk and chintz. Roses are used in monograms and ornaments on cups, vases and other gift items. Roses are depicted on the sides of wedding services of great princesses, daughters of Pavel I. A coat-of-arms with a wreath of white roses made for empress Alexandra Fedrovna according to V. Zhykovsky’s design decorate items of Alexandria service.
Unique paintings with invariable inclusion of roses adorn dejeuner service, vases and flower beds made by Ivan Tychagin, as well as works by one of the representatives of a dynasty of porcelainists-florists Konstantin Krasovsky. Unsurpassed skill in the depiction of roses was also achieved by other masters of Imperial Porcelain Factory: V. Komarov, V. Fedorov, M. Spiridonov, V. Dudin.
In the Soviet period roses continued to attract attention of artists. On early Soviet porcelain by M. Adamovich, Z. Kobyletskaya and S. Chekhonina they are combined with slogans and Soviet symbols. Styled flowers are characteristic of minimalisms of 1960s.
Roses are not forgotten by contemporary masters. They are used in mass production of Imperial Porcelain Factory which is traditionally known for its high quality, as well as in works by authors which demonstrate the variety of usage of this motif on porcelain, various techniques, virtuosic skills of artists.
A scientific catalog has been prepared for the Porcelain and Rose exhibition (Publishing House of the State Hermitage).
The exhibition curator is N. Petrova, senior research associate of the Department of the Museum of Imperial Porcelain Factory of the State Hermitage.
© Государственный Эрмитаж,