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  • Icon: St Peter

    Technique:
    tempera on panel
    Dimensions:
    64,5x33,5 cm

Icon: St Peter

Russia, Second half of the 13th century

This icon formed part of an old kind of iconostasis with frontal, waist-length depictions of figures in the Deisis Tier. An iconostasis is the altar screen which divides the altar from the main body of a Russian Orthodox church. The Deisis Tier is the main part of the iconostasis, expressing the idea of intercession by the saints for mankind before Christ the judge (Deisis in Greek means "supplication" or "entreaty") on the day of the Last Judgement. In later icons the side figures were to be shown not frontally but turned towards Christ. The iconostasis from which this work comes dates from the second half of the 13th or 14th century and was the work of a northern Russian master. Before the icon entered the Hermitage it was in the wooden Church of the Prophet Elijah in Vazentsy on the River Onega. St Peter has his right hand raised in blessing while his left covered hand holds a closed Book of Gospels, although his more usual attributes were a scroll and keys. The specifics of local (north Russian) art appear in all the icons of this Deisis Tier, not only in the unusual iconography, but also in the simplified images, the abundance of ornament in the clothes, the repetetive details, the methods of execution and colour scheme. There are no direct analogies for the icons of this Deisis Tier.

Title:

Icon: St Peter

Place:

Technique:

tempera on panel

Dimensions:

64,5x33,5 cm

Acquisition date:

Entered the Hermitage in 1959; handed over by the State Hermitage Belomorsk Expedition

Inventory Number:

ЭРИ-265

Category: