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  • "Portrait of Emperor Paul I"

    Technique:
    oil
    Dimensions:
    54x41 cm

"Portrait of Emperor Paul I"

Russia, late 18th - early 19th centuries

Paul I (1754–1801), the son of Peter III and Catherine II, was Emperor of Russia from 1796. In November 1797 he accepted the title of Protector of the Order of Saint John of Jerusalem (the Knights of Malta) and in November 1798 he became its Grand Master. Artists who painted portraits of the Emperor were supposed to strictly follow prototypes created by prominent members of the profession and approved by him personally. In 1796 Academician Stepan Shchukin, the head of the portrait painting class at the Imperial Academy of Arts, created one of the “exemplary” depictions of Emperor Paul I, which became the basis for a distinct iconographic type. The Hermitage portrait of Paul I, which follows the official standard, is the only depiction of the Emperor that shows him wearing the French Order of Our Lady of Mount Carmel and Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem that was awarded him in November 1799 by the then-titular French King Louis XVIII.

Title:

"Portrait of Emperor Paul I"

Place:

Material:

Technique:

oil

Dimensions:

54x41 cm

Acquisition date:

Entered the Hermitage in 1946; transferred from the Museum of the Ethnography of the Peoples of the USSR

Inventory Number:

ЭРЖ-582

Category: