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  • Battle of Viazma on 22 October (3 November) 1812

    Artist:
    Hess, Peter von. 1792-1871
    Technique:
    oil
    Dimensions:
    224x352 cm

Hess, Peter von. 1792-1871

Battle of Viazma on 22 October (3 November) 1812

Germany, 1842

The painting is a part of the series devoted to the great battles of the Patriotic War of 1812. This one depicts the battle of 22 October (3 November) 1812. The convoy of General Pavel Choglokov is shown entering the city streets and attacking with bayonets the fiercely defending enemy. The left part of the composition features the episode of the Pernovsk Infantry Regiment's attack who can be recognized by the St. George Order colours that were given to them for taking two colours from Frenchmen at the Battles of Gelserg on 29 May and of Friedland on 2 June 1807. Such colours, in contrast to usual ones, had panels with inscriptions explaining the heroism of the regiment; their finial had an encrusted depiction of the St. George Cross, while the St. George ribbons with tassels were tied to the flagstaff. Near the Pernovsk Regiment Choglokov is depicted on a horseback. He leads the soldiers into the battle holding a sword in his hand. Next to him is his adjutant, awarded with the Order of St. Anna of the Second Class and Order of St. Vladimir of the Fourth Class with a bow and chasseur of the 33rd Regiment. In the centre of the picture the soldiers and officers of the Eletsk Infantry Regiment are fighting shoulder-to-shoulder against French infantrymen. In the right part the transport and dispensary carts of the French clotted, that fouled and cavalrymen from different regiments are making their way amid them, hurrying to hide from Russian bullets. Artillerymen are struggling to transport wagons. On the square in front of the chapel elements of the French infantry are preparing to meet the Russians attacking with bayonets. A group of generals and officers on horses is seen, they are trying to organize a defense. In the background there is a panorama of Viazma. Many houses are burning. Columns of retiring French are visible on the streets.

School:

Title:

Battle of Viazma on 22 October (3 November) 1812

Place:

Date:

Material:

Technique:

oil

Dimensions:

224x352 cm

Acquisition date:

Originally in the Winter Palace

Inventory Number:

ГЭ-5920

Category:

Collection: