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  • Parnassus

    Artist:
    Mengs, Anton Raphael. 1728-1779
    Technique:
    oil
    Dimensions:
    55x101 cm

Mengs, Anton Raphael. 1728-1779

Parnassus

Germany, 1750s - 1760s

This painting represents a sketch or a replica, produced by the author himself, of the central part of the ceiling in the main hall of the Villa Albani in Rome. The plafond created by Mengs in the fresco technique, in 1761, was commissioned by Cardinal Alessandro Albani. In this painting Mengs broke away from Baroque tradition and turned to the conventions of Neoclassical art. The general composition is inspired by Raphael’s fresco ‘Parnas’ in Stanza della Segnatura in the Vatican Palace in Rome. In the centre is Apollo Mousagetes, the Sun God, patron of the arts and the leader of the Muses, with his attributes of a lyre, a crown on the head and a laurel wreath in his hand. Seated to his right is Mnemosyne, the mother of the Muses and the goddess of memory, as well as Clio, the Muse of history, Thalia, the Muse of comedy, and the dancing Erato and Terpsichore. To his left is Calliope, Polyhymnia, Euterpe, Melpomene and Urania. The painter depicts the Muses with their attributes. Clio’s features bear a close resemblance to those of Mengs's wife Margarita, while Mnemosyne has a likeness to Vittorucchia, the daughter of Countess Ceroffini.

Title:

Parnassus

Place:

Material:

Technique:

oil

Dimensions:

55x101 cm

Inventory Number:

ГЭ-1327

Category:

Collection: