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  • Portrait of Prince Bezborodko A.A.

    Artist:
    Lampi, Johann-Baptist I. 1751-1838
    Technique:
    oil
    Dimensions:
    121x95 cm

Lampi, Johann-Baptist I. 1751-1838

Portrait of Prince Bezborodko A.A.

Austria, 1794

Title:

Portrait of Prince Bezborodko A.A.

Place:

Date:

Material:

Technique:

oil

Dimensions:

121x95 cm

Acquisition date:

Entered the Hermitage in 1932; handed over by the Antikvariat All-Union Association

Inventory Number:

ГЭ-8382

Comment:

Alexander Andreevich Bezborodko (1747–1799) was one of Russia’s greatest statesmen in the age of Catherine the Great. Thanks to his outstanding abilities he made a brilliant career at the court. In 1780 at the age of 33 he became a privy councilor. In 1785 he received the title of an earl from the Roman Empire. From 1786 he served as a state councillor. In 1787 he became head of the Collegium of Foreign Affairs. In 1791 Bezborodko signed the Treaty of Jassy which ended the Russo-Turkish War (1787–1791). He gained Turkey’s recognition of Russia’s annexation of Crimea. He was awarded the Order of St. Andrew the First-Called. Till the end of the empress’s life he served as her private secretary. It was he who drew up her manifestos of 1776–1792. A.A.Bezborodko played an enormous role in the life of the state. He dealt with the affairs of the Senate and Synod, the Collegium of Foreign Affairs and the Admiralty. The activities of Bezborodko embraced a great variety of spheres: finances, waterways and the day to day administration of the Imperial Theatres. He was a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, an honorary lover of the Academy of Fine Arts. He was one of the largest collectors of Russia and also a patron of arts. After the empress’s death Bezborodko turned out to be the only minister who for the rest of his days did not fall from the grace of her successor Paul I, who bestowed him a princedom, granted him the title of His Highness and raised to the rank of State Chancellor, the supreme rank in the Empire. Being head of the diplomatic mission, the prince was guided by the principle of peaceful coexistence with other powers. He is represented wearing across his shoulder the ribbons of the Orders of St. Alexander Nevsky and of St.Vladimir. Across his chest are the stars of these orders. Worn around the neck is the Order of St.Alexander Nevsky. The author of the comment: Maria Garlova

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