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  • Icon: The Virgin of Vladimir and Church Feasts

    Technique:
    gesso ground and tempera on panel lined with canvas, silvered and gilding
    Dimensions:
    103x71 cm

Icon: The Virgin of Vladimir and Church Feasts

Russia, Early 17th century

The Virgin of Vladimir is a type of the image of the Virgin, based on an early icon which was probably the most revered image in Old Russia and which was repeated in numerous icons throughout the ages. According to legend, the very oldest icon of this type was painted by St Luke and was originally kept in Jerusalem before being moved to Constantinople. In the early 12th century a copy of this icon was brought from Byzantium to Kiev and later Prince Andrei Bogoliubsky moved it to Vladimir, from which it took its title. The icon was famous for its role in protecting the Slavs from their enemies, including a well-known victory over Tamerlaine in 1395. Since 1480 the 12th-century icon has been kept in Moscow in the Tretyakov Gallery. One specific feature of The Virgin of Vladimir was the image of the Christ Child, who sits on the Virgin's right hand and pulls His face up towards her cheek, embracing her neck. This icon from the Hermitage collection was produced in the early 17th century in the workshops of the Stroganov family, rich merchants in the Russian North who commissioned many buildings and works of religious art. Their workshops were in Solvychegodsk, where they existed only a short time. The icons produced here reveal very fine drawing skills, with great attention to small details and a tendency to produce multi-figure compositions (as in the small scenes of Church festivals which surround the central image in this icon).

Title:

Icon: The Virgin of Vladimir and Church Feasts

Place:

Technique:

gesso ground and tempera on panel lined with canvas, silvered and gilding

Dimensions:

103x71 cm

Acquisition date:

Entered the Hermitage in 1956; handed over from the Solvychegodsk Museum of History and Art

Inventory Number:

ЭРИ-219

Category: