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  • Icona: Christ Pantocrator

    Technique:
    tempera on panel
    Dimensions:
    64,5x41,5 cm

Icona: Christ Pantocrator

Russia, Second half of the 13th - 14th century

Christ Pantocrator is one of the types of depiction of Christ which could be used in the middle of a Deisis Tier. The Deisis Tier is the main part of the iconostasis (the altar screen which divides the altar from the main body of a Russian Orthodox church), expressing the idea of intercession by the saints for mankind before Christ the judge (Deisis in Greek means "supplication" or "entreaty") on the day of the Last Judgement. This is the work of a north Russian master. It comes from the iconostasis of the wooden Church of the Prophet Elijah in Vazentsy on the River Onega. Christ is shown frontally, waist length, with his right hand raised in blessing, and in his left hand an open Book of Gospels. In terms of iconography, we should note that the image of the Saviour with an open Gospels was, until the 15th century, much rarer than his depiction with a closed book. The Onega area was taken in the 12th century by the Novgorodians. Yet the icons in the Church of the Prophet Elijah were by a local artist, rather than a Novgorod painter, as we can tell by the technique and by the use of colour, much darker than the usual bright colours of the Novgorod school.

Title:

Icona: Christ Pantocrator

Place:

Technique:

tempera on panel

Dimensions:

64,5x41,5 cm

Acquisition date:

Entered the Hermitage in 1959; handed over by the State Hermitage Belomorsk Expedition

Inventory Number:

ЭРИ-262

Category: