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  • Icon: Prophet Elijah

    Technique:
    tempera on panel
    Dimensions:
    63,8x37,5 cm

Icon: Prophet Elijah

Russia, Second half of the 13th - 14th century

This icon formed part of an old kind of iconostasis with frontal, waist-length depictions of figures in the Deisis Tier. An iconostasis is the altar screen which divides the altar from the main body of a Russian Orthodox church. This icon, like others from the same row, is painted in dark colours. Dating from the second half of the 13th or 14th century, it is the work of a northern Russian master. The Deisis Tier is the main part of the iconostasis, expressing the idea of intercession by the saints for mankind before Christ the judge (Deisis in Greek means "supplication" or "entreaty") on the day of the Last Judgement. In later icons the side figures were to be shown not frontally but turned towards Christ. This tier included icons of New Testament saints. Icons showing saints from the Old Testament, like the Prophet Elijah, were usually placed in a separate, Prophets' Tier. Departing from tradition here not only in the placing of St Elijah in the Deisis Tier, but also in the iconography, the artist showed the prophet not wearing a sheepskin and holding a staff but in ornamented robes with a scroll in his left hand. Before it entered the Hermitage this icon was in the wooden Church of the Prophet Elijah in Vazentsy on the River Onega.

Title:

Icon: Prophet Elijah

Place:

Technique:

tempera on panel

Dimensions:

63,8x37,5 cm

Acquisition date:

Entered the Hermitage in 1959; handed over by the State Hermitage Belomorsk Expedition

Inventory Number:

ЭРИ-264

Category: