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  • Icon: Chirst in Majesty

    Technique:
    tempera on panel and gilding
    Dimensions:
    128x82 cm

Icon: Chirst in Majesty

Russia, 16th century

Christ in Majesty was the central icon from a Deisis Tier. The Deisis Tier is the main part of the iconostasis (the altar screen which divides the altar from the main body of a Russian Orthodox church), expressing the idea of intercession by the saints for mankind before Christ the judge (Deisis in Greek means "supplication" or "entreaty") on the day of the Last Judgement. This composition expresses Christ's greatness, and the complex background is only symbolically indicated. The whole of the image is set into a pinkish-red rhombus (symbol of the glory of God), which is inscribed within a blue oval with six-winged seraphs signifying the Universe. The oval is put onto a quadrangle outlined in red (symbol of earth), in the corners of which there are depictions of an angel, eagle, lion and ox, symbols of the four Evangelists. In the centre of this oval stands a throne with Jesus Christ seated upon it. His robe (himation) is pierced with gold rays. In his left hand he holds an open Book of Gospels. This iconographical type is most typical of Moscow icons of the 15th and 16th centuries. However, some features of the icon give us reasons to suggest that it may have been linked with some provincial centre in central Russia.

School:

Title:

Icon: Chirst in Majesty

Place:

Date:

Technique:

tempera on panel and gilding

Dimensions:

128x82 cm

Acquisition date:

Entered the Hermitage in 1960; purchased by the Purchasing Commission from a private person

Inventory Number:

ЭРИ-452

Category: