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  • Icon: The Virgin

    Technique:
    tempera on panel and gilding
    Dimensions:
    87,5x33 cm

Icon: The Virgin

Russia, 16th century

This icon of the Virgin formed part of the Deisis Tier and was placed to the right of the central image, which showed Christ as the judge of the Last Judgement. The Deisis Tier is the main part of the iconostasis (the altar screen which divides the altar from the main body of a Russian Orthodox church), expressing the idea of intercession by the saints for mankind before Christ the judge (Deisis in Greek means "supplication" or "entreaty"). Since Christ was shown enthroned, the Virgin is depicted full length; in the pose of prayer with head bowed, she turns to Christ, as to God and her Son, in supplication for the whole of humankind. The 16th-century Novgorod artist who created this image followed the traditional type. The Virgin is wearing a long robe of reddish-brown, decorated with gold stars, symbols of her virgin purity. Her face is dark-skinned and oval, in accordance with ancient descriptions, while her eyes express suffering. The Deisis Tier consisted of seven icons: Christ Enthroned, The Virgin, St John the Baptist, Archangel Michael, Archangel Gabriel, St Peter and St Paul. It was created by a Novgorod master in the 16th century for the wooden Church of the Dormition built in 1599 (Novgorod Region). All these icons are now in the Hermitage.

School:

Title:

Icon: The Virgin

Place:

Date:

Technique:

tempera on panel and gilding

Dimensions:

87,5x33 cm

Acquisition date:

Entered the Hermitage in 1971; handed over by the State Hermitage Museum expedition for collecting monuments of Ancient Russian Art in different parts of the Novgorod Region

Inventory Number:

ЭРИ-600

Category: