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  • Portrait of Fath Ali Shah Seated

    Artist:
    Mihr 'Ali
    Technique:
    oil
    Dimensions:
    253x118 cm

Mihr 'Ali

Portrait of Fath Ali Shah Seated

Iran, 1813-1814

A powerful ruler sits in a high crown and wearing official attire on a carpet with a cushion behind his back. This is a typical 16th-century type of Iranian state portrait. It was painted by court artist Mihr Ali in 1229 to the Muslim moon calendar, which corresponds to 1813-14 according to the Christian calendar. In his right hand Fath Ali Shah holds a mace, symbol of royal power, and before him on the carpet lies another part of the official regalia, a sabre. His bright red robe is sewn with pearls and precious stones and contrasts with the landscape beyond the window. At the top right is an inscription in a medallion: Sultan Fath Ali Qajar, and in a rectangular cartouche a poem: "Is this a portrait of a shahanshah, inhabitant of the skies/ Or is it the rising of the sun and the image of the moon?" Fath Ali Shah was the second monarch of the Qajar dynasty, which ruled in Teheran from 1796. During his reign (1801-1834) came the Russian-Iranian wars of 1804-13 and 1826-28, and the attack on the Russian mission in Teheran in 1829, which led to the tragic death of Russian writer and diplomat Alexander Griboyedov.

Author:

Title:

Portrait of Fath Ali Shah Seated

Place:

Date:

Epoch. Period:

Material:

Technique:

oil

Dimensions:

253x118 cm

Acquisition date:

Entered the Hermitage in 1932; transferred from the Gatchina Palace Museum

Inventory Number:

VР-1108

Category:

Collection:

Subcollection: